Maria João Sereno (Brigitt)
Marie Antoinette (Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna); 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) was an Archduchess of Austria and the Queen of France and of Navarre. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and Emperor Francis I.
At the age of fourteen, on the day of her marriage to Louis-Auguste, Dauphin of France, she became Dauphine de France. At the death of King Louis XV, in May 1774, her husband ascended the throne of France as King Louis XVI, and Marie Antoinette assumed the title of Queen of France and of Navarre. After seven years of marriage she gave birth to a daughter, Marie-Thérèse Charlotte, the first of their four children.
Initially charmed by her personality and beauty, the French people generally came to dislike her, accusing “the Austrian” of being profligate and promiscuous, and of harboring sympathies for France’s enemies.
At the height of the French Revolution, Louis XVI was deposed and the royal family was imprisoned. Nine months after her husband’s execution, she was tried, convicted of treason, and executed by guillotine on 16 October 1793.
Born on 2 November 1755 at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria, Maria Antonia was the youngest daughter of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Maria Theresa, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia and ruler of the Habsburg dominions. She was described as “a small, but completely healthy Archduchess.”She was known at the Austrian court as Madame Antoine.
Maria Antonia and her older sister, Maria Carolina, were the two youngest girls and were raised together. They shared the same governess until 1767. They became extremely close. She thoroughly enjoyed music and learned to play the harpsichord, which she played for many people at the court. She also excelled at dancing – an accomplishment often remarked by those who saw her, whether friendly or hostile, having been carefully trained in it since her early youth. She had an “exquisite” poise and a famously graceful deportment.
Properties of the system
Protection against defamation
Nobility of character
Charism of a Queen
Elevation of position
Elegance and subtlety
Greatness and courage
Spirit of survival
Taste for the arts and literature
Excelent taste for fashion
Enjoy life and well-being
Abundance and prosperity