Florence Nightingale, OM, RRC ( 12 May 1820 – 13 August 1910) was a celebrated English nurse, writer and statistician. A Christian universalist, Nightingale believed that God had called her to be a nurse. She came to prominence for her pioneering work in nursing during the Crimean War, where she tended to wounded soldiers. She was dubbed “The Lady with the Lamp” after her habit of making rounds at night.
Nightingale laid the foundation of professional nursing with the establishment, in 1860, of her nursing school at St Thomas’ Hospital in London, the first secular nursing school in the world. The Nightingale Pledge taken by new nurses was named in her honour, and the annual International Nurses Day is celebrated around the world on her birthday.
The Lady of the Lake is the name of several related characters who play parts in Arthurian legend. Depending on the variant, characters’ roles include giving King Arthur his sword Excalibur, enchanting Merlin, and raising Lancelot after the death of his father. Various writers and copyists conflated her with, or named her as Nimue, Viviane, Viviana, Vivienne, Elaine, Ninianne, Nivian, Nyneve, Nimueh and other variations. Other versions of the legends make Nimue, Viviane, etc., into separate characters.
The Lancelot-Grail Cycle provides a backstory for the Lady of the Lake, “Viviane”, in the prose Merlin section, which takes place before the Lancelot Proper, though it was written later.
Bà Chúa Xứ (Vietnamese for “Lady of the Realm”) is a prosperity goddess from southern Vietnam, a supporter of business, health, and a protector of the Vietnamese border. She is housed in Vinh Te village at the foot of Sam Mountain, near Cambodia. A three-day festival is held in the village at the beginning of the rainy season, beginning on the twenty-third day of the fourth lunar month, in her honour. Ba Chua Xu reached her peak popularity in the 1990s and still entertains pilgrims every year with her responsiveness to loyal followers.
According to French archaeologist Louis Malleret, the statue of the Lady of the Realm which is worshipped in Vinh Te village is, in fact, an appropriated and feminized statue of the Indian god Shiva. The stone statue was created by the pre-Angkorean Khmer people of Cambodia. However, many of her worshippers may disagree with this theory. Stories of her heritage recount her growing naturally from stone before being discovered by the Vietnamese of Sam Mountain.
Pomona was the uniquely Roman goddess of fruit trees, gardens, and orchards, and her festival, which she shared with her husband Vertumnus, was always on August 13th. Pomona watches over and protects fruit trees and cares for their cultivation, and Her name is from the Latin pomum, fruit. “Pomme” is the French word for “apple”. She is a uniquely Roman goddess, never identitified with any Greek counterpart, and was particularly associated with the blossoming of trees versus the harvest.